Government of Finland has adopted the first national anti-corruption strategy in May 2021.
The short-term objective of the strategy is to reinforce the prevention and combating of corruption. The vision and long-term objective of the strategy is to build a society where corruption cannot take hold or go unnoticed.
The Strategy is in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals (2030 Agenda) and the recommendations issued by the UN, the OECD, the Council of Europe and the European Union to Finland to reinforce its anti-corruption work.
Strategy aims to commit public administration and political actors to combat corruption effectively, to promote the identification of corruption and the transparency of decision-making, and to improve the ability of authorities to hold those who have engaged in corrupt practices accountable for their actions. In addition, the aim is to facilitate the creation of national situation awareness of corruption.
Studies show that there is structural corruption in Finland. Structural corruption is more difficult to detect than open street-level corruption occurring in many other countries. High-risk sectors are the construction sector, public procurement, community planning and politics.
Aims of the Strategy
The aim of the Strategy is to intensify the fight against corruption in the short term, and in the long term to build a society where corruption has no chance of success.
The aim of the Anti-Corruption Strategy is to:
1) commit public administration and political actors to combat corruption effectively;
2) promote the identification of corruption and the transparency of decision-making;
3) seek to improve the ability of authorities to hold those who have engaged in corrupt practices accountable for their actions;
4) facilitate the creation of national situation awareness of corruption
Measures will be implemented in extensive cooperation
The implementation of the Anti-Corruption Strategy is supported by the Action Plan for 2021–2023. The measures include, among others, improving cooperation between the authorities, raising awareness of corruption, exposing cases of corruption, examining the functioning of anti-corruption legislation and promoting research. No separate funding has been allocated for the implementation of the Action Plan.
The Action Plan contains 77 scheduled measures. Key development areas for the combating of corruption are:
Reinforcement and clarification of the official structures for preventing and combating corruption and improvement of cooperation between the parties involved
Raising awareness of corruption
Promoting the exposure of corruption
Examination of the functioning of anti-corruption legislation and the development of legislation
Promotion of research related to corruption and its prevention
The draft strategy includes a plan of action outlining the practical measures to be taken to achieve the objectives set out in the strategy. The parties responsible for each measure are also defined. A joint effort of several authorities, businesses and organisations is required to combat corruption successfully.
The draft strategy (in Finnish) is available at the Institutional Repository for the Government.